There are different types of well systems that serve residential homes in our areas. There are submersible pumps, which sit at the bottom of the well and there are jet pumps that sit inside the home and draw water out of the well. Each type has their own layout and system specific components.
How can I tell which type I have?
A typical well system consists of a pump, a pressure tank, and a pressure switch. The switch tells the pump when to turn on and off and the pressure tank maintains a constant pressure on the system to avoid “short cycling” of the pump. The noticeable difference between the types of pumps is whether or not you can see the pump. The submersible pump, is exactly that, submersed in water, and it sits at the bottom of the well. A jet pump sits either in a pump house, crawl space or in the house itself. If you have a jet pump, we highly recommend having the system converted over to a submersible pump system. Call us today for your well inspection and we can review with you the options you have and our recommendations for your well pump, and your pressure tank and switch.
A sump pump is used to remove rain water and ground water from the interior of your foundation. The sump pump is installed inside of a pit or crock in the lowest level of the home. Many times, if you have a walk out basement with a drain at the base of the stairs, it also ties into your sump pump pit. The water is pumped up and outside of the home, out into the yard and this process will continue until the water table subsides and goes back to normal. Please be advised that “bigger” is not always “better” when it comes to selecting a sump pump. If you would like to learn more about sump pumps and their performance and function don’t hesitate to give us a call!
Sump Pump Back Up Systems
In the event of power outages, your sump pump will not turn on. There are a couple of different options when it comes to emergency backup systems for your sump pump. There are battery back-up systems and there are water fed systems. The water fed systems are only beneficial if you are on a municipal water supply, however, the battery systems can be installed on municipal or well water systems. Not only are these systems needed in the event of a power outage but they can also be beneficial if your primary pump can’t keep up during heavy rains.
I don’t need a backup system since I don’t have frequent power outages?
This is certainly a huge benefit if you should lose power to your home, but the backup systems are more frequently used in situations where the pump has a lot running to the pit or in heavy rains, when the primary pump can’t keep up with the input. Most backup systems can only handle half or less of what the primary pump can output, but more recently backup systems are being designed with pumps that can output about as much as the primary pumps can. This is highly beneficial not only for usage, but for the overall lifespan of your system since two pumps are working as opposed to one primary pump being overworked even occasionally.
Sewage Ejector Pumps
Plumbing drainage systems are primarily powered by gravity and not equipment, so everything has to run downward where it merges into your main drain line which is just a few feet below ground and runs away from the home into the sewer system or your private septic system. Sewage ejector pumps are used to install waste lines where there aren’t accessible drain lines below the ground, usually seen in a basement. If your main sewer line is just below ground level and you have a basement in your home, you have to install a pump to deliver basement level waste against gravity by installing a pit and sewage ejector pump. The pump is essentially a sump pump but that has an internal grinder that grinds up solids and pumps them out and upwards to the main sewer/septic line at ground level. With a sewage ejector pump it may be possible to install a bathroom, laundry room or kitchenette where you never even considered. Feel free to call for a consultation today and let us discuss what your home needs!